You’ve now got Linux installed on your hard drive and hopefully, it’s working well. It shouldn’t take much getting used to – if you know how to navigate around Windows, then Linux Mint is a doddle. You’ll get a lot more life out of your old laptop, but there will come a time when you’ll need to replace it, or retire it to back-up status.
Second-hand or new?
Second-hand is preferable I think, for various reasons. There is no easy, non-corporate way to buy a new laptop yet, although if Kevin Carson’s ideas about a new ‘homebrew’ industrial revolution come to fruition, there soon might be. So you’ll be trying to avoid buying corporate software, but giving money to corporations for the hardware.
And of course second-hand means that you’re extending the life of a machine that might otherwise be scrapped. A lot of second-hand laptops are relatively young, discarded by businesses that want to stay at the cutting edge when it comes to their hardware. So unless you want to do extremely complicated things, they should be fine for mere mortals like us – especially if you’re going to be using Linux. You can get many more useful years from them.
If you buy a second-hand laptop, it may well already have Windows installed. The crucial thing to ask is whether that means that a portion of the price goes to Microsoft. If it does, then ask them if they have a machine with Linux instead of Windows. If they don’t (and they probably won’t), then tell them that you don’t want Windows. One of the main points with free / open source software is that we don’t then have to give money to corporate giants. It’s no good switching to Linux, but still having to pay money to Microsoft, especially as you don’t even want their product.
It may be the case soon that a lot of second-hand machines will have Linux, or at least won’t have Windows. The corporate sector could soon adopt Linux in a big way. Why wouldn’t they? It’s free, less prone to bugs and doesn’t tie them to one company. Some purists criticise this – why should we build free and open source software and operating systems, only for the corporate sector to take it and use it to make money? It shouldn’t be used in that way.
I say forget about it – let them do what they want with it, as long as they don’t stop other people working on it, and don’t try to sell the software itself. The important thing is that it’s available for free, so that the general public don’t have to give the corporate sector any money for software if they don’t want to. They can then get their software without having to feed ‘the beast’. What the corporate sector then do with that software is their business. In fact, it means that Microsoft and other corporate software providers can’t get money from the corporate sector either.
It’s not necessarily the case that if you buy a second-hand computer with Windows installed, no money will go to Microsoft, and you can just install Linux on it and ignore or delete Windows, or leave it in case you ever need to use it with Windows-specific software. But the founder of Computer Aid tells us that around £15 will go to Microsoft if you buy a second-hand laptop from a reputable source that has Windows installed. That’s not good – so it’s best to ask for a machine with Linux installed, or a machine with no operating system, onto which you can install Linux from your datastick.
Computer Aid provide second-hand laptops for developing countries, and also offer them for sale at extremely reasonable prices to not-for-profit organisations in the UK. If you’re involved with a not-for-profit, I’d have a look. Unfortunately, they don’t sell machines with Linux Mint already installed, but they can provide them without Windows installed either.
Computer Aid get their second-hand machines from Tier1, who get them from industry as they’re discarded. So if you’re not involved with a not-for-profit, you can go to them instead. Their machines will be more expensive, but still very good value. There are many other sites selling second-hand computers too.
If you go into a big computer store and ask an assistant for a computer with Linux on, they’ll look at you as if you’re mad. We’re forced to have Windows, in other words. That’s like craving water or fruit juice, and being forced to drink Coca-cola; or really wanting healthy food and being forced to eat a Big Mac instead. There’s no choice – Windows is imposed on most people.
Assistants will advise you to buy a laptop with Windows and install Linux – but that doesn’t work, as you’ll still be paying a portion of the price to Windows. They might even try to sell you a laptop with no operating system, but you can bet that they’ve just removed Windows, but not the portion of the price that goes to Microsoft.
We’re not even mentioning Macs. Any new machine will be corporate – but Apple are beyond the pale, as they go out of their way to make sure that Apple products are only compatible with other Apple products. They are big bullies and we don’t like them.
The only safe thing to do when buying a new laptop is to go to specialists in providing machines with Linux installed. We’ve been recommended some sites, by people who know about these things (thanks to Pete Green, Josef Davies-Coates and Glyn Moody), where you’ll find information and people who understand your need to buy a laptop without giving money to Microsoft; and you’ll be able to find more if you root around:
- https://linux.co.uk/2010/06/the-linux-emporium/ (although their site seems to be having a few problems as I write)
- Dell Launches Cheap Ubuntu-Powered Inspiron 15 3000 Series
Using your new laptop
If installing onto a virgin computer, there may be no drivers to connect to the internet via wi-fi. When you try to connect to the wi-fi network, you won’t see a list of possible connections. You’ll have to connect directly to the router with a cable, then click on the menu in the bottom left corner, then Administration, then Driver Manager. At this point, if you added a password for start-up, you’ll have to enter it. The cache will update, then you’ll have a list of wireless drivers. One of them will be recommended – tick that box and apply changes. It will ask you to restart your computer, after which you should be able to see the list of wi-fi connections. Click yours and you should be online.
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